People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience obsessions, compulsions (also known as rituals), or both.
For example, a person with OCD may obsess about becoming contaminated with dirt or germs and wash their hands excessively in response. Or they may worry that the house will burn down so they feel compelled to check the stove 30 times to be sure it’s off before they leave the house.
Obsessions or compulsions are time-consuming or cause significant distress or impairment in functioning.
OCD is common yet often under-recognized. In any one-year period, it affects about 1% to 2% of the population.
Anyone can get OCD. This condition occurs around the world. It affects both males and females and people of all ages, races, and ethnicities. OCD often starts during late adolescence.
OCD varies in severity and can be quite severe. It can cause substantial suffering and often makes daily activities difficult. However, effective treatments are available.
Medications and CBT are effective for a majority of people with OCD. These treatments usually improve OCD obsessions and compulsive behaviors, and they also often help people feel less depressed and anxious. Some people improve when they're treated with an SRI alone or with CBT alone, whereas others benefit from receiving both treatments at the same time.
OCD likely results from a complex combination of genetic predisposition/neurobiologic factors as well as life experiences and cultural factors.
OCD can be severely distressing and impairing. But there is hope for people with OCD! Recommended treatments help a majority of people get better.
Please visit the website of the International OCD Foundation at https://iocdf.org/.